|Date:||Thursday, January 12, 2023|
Turkey is considered one of the countries rich in agricultural lands extending along its area, as it constitutes “.
Turkey seeks to be one of the top ten economies in the world, by having a strong economy, independent decision-making, and self-sufficiency in everything from the lowest to the highest commodities, and this is what makes it among the countries with an economic and urban renaissance, which has proven this through the development that took place in it during the period Not exceeding 25 years.
And if we come to its location, it enjoys an excellent geographical location as it forms a link between Asia and Europe, which means its proximity to the Asian market represented by the Arab countries and Iran, and the European market through Georgia and Macedonia on the one hand, and Serbia on the other hand, and Bulgaria on the third, in addition to the presence It has four seas, namely: the Aegean, the Black, the Mediterranean and the Marmara.
Turkey is considered one of the countries rich in agricultural lands extending along its area, where the percentage of arable land constitutes 31.1% of the land, where Turkey has made qualitative leaps in the field of agriculture , the leaps came as a natural case of the strong economy and sound planning on which the Turkish government walks, as Turkey aims to It will be among the top five producing countries in the world by 2023.
Many factors, such as fertile soil and an appropriate climate, helped Turkey to be one of the few countries in the world that is self-sufficient in food, and the abundant rainfall and climate diversity allowed the cultivation of huge types of agricultural crops. Turkey is also considered one of the countries where agriculture takes place. In almost all of its regions, except for the mountainous eastern regions, which are more suitable places for animal husbandry, and Turkey's history in the field of agriculture is ancient since ancient times, as it contains the sources of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Turkish government encourages all investors in the field of agriculture, food industries and animal production, and is interested in land reclamation and improvement of agricultural land .
As Turkey's achievements in the field of agriculture came as a natural case, after the Turkish government reclaimed more than 5 million hectares of agricultural land since 2003. This is precisely what made it occupy advanced positions at the European and global levels in the field of agriculture, as it is one of the largest exporting countries agriculture in Eastern Europe and the Middle East and North Africa.
There are many Turkish agricultural cities, we will review the most important of them:
Konya city: “Konya” comes in the first place as the largest Turkish agricultural city, with an area of cultivated land estimated at 19 million, 106,386 dekar. In the production of sugar beet and dry grains, as well as being the first in the production of wheat.
Antalya: a Turkish coastal city located on the Mediterranean coast in the southwest of the Turkish Republic, between the Gulf of Antalya and the western Taurus Mountains. Agriculture occupies about a fifth of the area of Antalya. The state of Antalya is considered one of the most important centers in the production of fruits and vegetables, due to its favorable climatic conditions for this. Farming.
Antalya is famous for growing tomatoes, which are consumed all over the country, and are exported to a large number of countries in the world. Where it is preferred to grow bananas, avocados and oranges.
Tomatoes, cucumbers and oranges are among the most widespread agricultural crops in Antalya, as they alone contribute 14% of Turkish agricultural products. It also succeeded in cultivating 30 types of fruits, including mangoes, figs, and bananas.
The city of Malatya: located near the Euphrates River in the eastern Anatolia region, it is known as the apricot capital in the world, as it meets about 85% of its needs from this fruit. As this city achieved a record by exporting apricots to 111 countries in 2016.
Diyarbakir State: Diyarbakir State is located in the central part of the southeastern Anatolia region. Its main agricultural products are wheat, barley, millet, rice, lentils, legumes, pure cotton, tobacco, sesame seeds, and flaxseeds. Recently, vegetable cultivation has developed a lot. Cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, cereals, zucchini and onions are also grown. Diyarbakir is famous for its watermelons and melons, which are large in size.
There are also many cities that are interested in agriculture in Turkey, such as Gaziantep, Denizli, Kayseri, Samsun, Kahramanmaraş, Sakarya, Trabzon, Erzurum, and Şanlıurfa.
The Turkish government is always interested in increasing the agricultural area in it, by opening the fields of agricultural investment in Turkey to everyone, as well as providing great facilities in the agricultural field, as it looks forward to stopping imports in order to achieve self-sufficiency.
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